Schools across America continue to provide separate and equal opportunities to Black, Brown, Indigenous, and poor students. This problem persists from states in the South facing segregationist secession efforts, to urban cities like New York City, where battles to integrate schools, and the white-led backlash that follows, continue to to this day. Segregation is about more than separating people from each other; it is about separating Black, Brown, Indigenous, and poor people from power, opportunity, and the ability to self-determine their lives. It is about the maintenance of racial and economic stratification.
School segregation facilitates the concentration of those with privilege and those made vulnerable by the system, through discriminatory student-assignment policies (racist zoning, gerrymandered district lines), and exclusionary admissions policies like exam schools, and other discriminatory criteria). Segregation ensures the inequitable distribution of funding to public schools. It also reinforces racially biased school cultural and discipline policies that disproportionately harm Black, Brown, and Indigenous students, and feeds the school to prison pipeline. Segregation operates and manifests as a multifaceted set of racist policies and practices, so the response to it must be multifaceted and intersectional - a one policy approach focused solely on enrollment will not suffice.
The Integration Hub provides history, tools,and resources to contextualize and build the movement for equitably desegregated and integrated schools.